Pulwama Attack : This Day That Year – Defence Direct Education
Nation pays tribute to the martyr of Pulwama attack today. On this day last year at least 44 Central Reserve Police Force (CPRF) personnel were killed and another 20 injured when a Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorist drove an explosive-laden SUV into a convoy of vehicles carrying paramilitary troops on the Srinagar-Jammu national highway in South Kashmir’s Pulwama district.
What Happened On 14th February:
*The convoy from Jammu has plied only thrice in the last fortnight, as snow blocked road and CRPF jawans were stranded in Jammu since February 4
*16 vehicles dropped out at Qazigund on reaching destination but 16 ‘mobile bunkers’ joined convoy to deal with terrorist ambushes which increase beyond Qazigund. The convoy left Qazigund at 2:38 pm
*At Latoomode of Awantipora in Pulwama, an explosive laden vehicle entered the Jammu-Srinagar highway from a left bylane. It overtook a bus, fifth in the convoy and exploded. The bus was blown to smithereens. The sixth bus was also impacted by the blast
*The convoy of 78 vehicles, transporting 2,547 jawans, left Jammu transit camp at 3:30 am. The jawans were returning from leave or going to areas of deployment
*Around 40 CRPF jawans died, 39 in the 5th bus and one from the ROP. Five more men in the sixth bus were injured
*This is the first time a suicide bomber in an explosive laden vehicle has attacked a CRPF convoy. About 80kg of explosives was used for the attack.
How India responded to the Pulwama Attack:
Tensions flared up between India and Pakistan after the attack. India India summoned Pakistan’s top envoy and lodged strong protest.
Prime Minister asserted that the security forces have been given permission to choose the timing, place and nature of their response to the Pulwama terror attack.
“All tears will be avenged” and the armed forces have been given “full freedom to decide the place, time, intensity and nature of the retaliation against the enemy. “I feel the same fire in my heart that’s raging inside you,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi said.
Nationwide protests erupted against the dastardly terror attack. Several countries including Pakistan’s all-weather friend China condemned the attack.
India launched extensive diplomatic efforts to get JeM chief Masood Azhar designated as a global terrorist, which finally became a reality on May 1 when China lifted its technical hold on a proposal introduced by the US, the UK, and France in the 1267 Committee of the UN Security Council.
India’s response: IAF strike on JeM camp in Balakot
Around 12 days after the terror attack, in the wee hours of February 26, Indian Air Force jets bombed the JeM camp in Balakot, in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
“In an intelligence-led operation in the early hours of today(Feb 26), India struck the biggest training camp of JeM in Balakot. In this operation, a very large number of JeM terrorists, trainers, senior commanders and groups of jihadis who were being trained for fidayeen action were eliminated. This facility at Balakot was headed by MAULANA YOUSUF AZHAR (alias USTAD GHOURI), the brother-in-law of MASOOD AZHAR, Chief of JeM,” the then Foreign Secretary said in a press conference later in the day.
Pakistan’s failed strike:
A day later on February 27, IAF foiled an attempt by PAF to strike at military installations in Jammu and Kashmir. In the aerial skirmish, Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman piloting a MiG-21 Bison aircraft shot down a much-advanced F-16 of PAF.
However, his aircraft was also hit and upon ejection, his parachute landed in PoK, where he was taken captive by Pakistan Army.
Under international pressure, Pakistan released the IAF pilot two days later, who returned to his country to a hero’s welcome.
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