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Tuesday, July 9, 2024

Mangalyaan Mission – All You Need To Know

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Mangalyaan Mission also known as Mars Orbiter Mission was an interplanetary mission of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It was a space probe orbiting Vehicle carrying five scientific instruments. It was launched into space using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C25.

ISRO was the first space agency in the world to achieve success in the Mars mission in the maiden attempt. The budget of the Mangalyan Mission was Rs 450 Crores, just 11% of NASA’s MAVEN Program, making it a cost-effective launch.

Mars Orbiter Mission - MAngalyaan ISRO Mission
MARS Orbiter

The Mars Orbiter Mission was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SDSC, Sriharikota on 05 November 2013 by PSLV-XL Rocket. After a 298-day transit to Mars, it was out into Mars orbit on 24 September 2014.

About PSLV-XL Rocket

PSLV Rocket Mars Orbiter Mission Mangalyaan
PSLV Rocket

Mass- 320,000 kg
Stages- 4 (Solid, Liquid, Solid, and Liquid)
Boosters- 6
Height- 44 m
Diameter- 2.8 m
Payload capacity- 1425 kg
First Flight- 22 October 2008
Successful launches- 52
TVC- Secondary Injection Thrust Vector Control (SITVC), Hot Gas Reaction Control Motor (HGRCM), Nozzle Flex, and Engine Gimbals

Mangalyaan Mission Mars Orbiter Mission ISRO PSLV Rocket
Geocentric phase Credits- Creative Commons, JPL, NASA

The Spacecraft was monitored by ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) and Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN), both based in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
The MARS Spacecraft carried:
(i). Lyman-Alpha Photometer (LAP)
(ii). Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM)
(iii). Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA)
(iv). Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS)
(v). Mars Colour Camera (MCC)

Mangalyaan Mission Mars Orbiter Mission ISRO PSLV Rocket
Heliocentric phase Credits- Creative Commons, JPL, NASA

Team of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)

K. Radhakrishnan Chairman ISRO
Mylswamy AnnaduraiProgramme Director, Mars Orbiter Mission
S RamakrishnanDirector, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre VSSC
P. KunhikrishnanProject Director, PSLV programme
Moumita DuttaProject manager, Mars Orbiter Mission
Nandini HarinathDeputy Operations Director, Navigation
Ritu KaridhalDeputy Operations Director, Navigation
BS KiranAssociate Project Director, Flight Dynamics
V Kesava RajuDirector, Mars Orbiter Mission
V Koteswara RaoISRO scientific secretary
ChandradathanDirector, Liquid Propulsion System
A. S. Kiran KumarDirector, Satellite Application Centre SAC
M. Y. S. PrasadDirector, Satish Dhawan Space Centre SDSC
S. K. ShivakumarDirector, ISRO U. R. Rao Satellite Centre
Subbiah ArunanProject Director, Mars Orbiter Mission
B JayakumarAssociate Project Director, PSLV programme
MS PannirselvamChief General Manager, Sriharikota Rocket port

Numerous other Scientists and Engineers of the Indian Space Research Organization ISRO have contributed to the success of the Mangalyaan Mission.

On October 2022, reported by ISRO that it lost communications after a seven-hour period in April 2022. The Mars mission ended citing the loss of fuel and battery power to the probe’s instructions.

1st Picture of the MARS Orbiter

It was a really successful mission for the ISRO. Many missions of ISRO are coming up as Chandrayan-3, One Web, Gaganayan and NAVIC Navigation. We congratulate ISRO for its achievements and wish ALL THE BEST for future missions.

MARS from the eyes of the orbiter

Read more: How Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?

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DDE editor
DDE Editorial Team comprises of researchers & content writers. The source of write ups are individual researches, references, informants and documentations. If you wish to submit a write up or information please write to contactus@defencedirecteducation.com



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