Mangalyaan Mission also known as Mars Orbiter Mission was an interplanetary mission of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It was a space probe orbiting Vehicle carrying five scientific instruments. It was launched into space using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C25.
ISRO was the first space agency in the world to achieve success in the Mars mission in the maiden attempt. The budget of the Mangalyan Mission was Rs 450 Crores, just 11% of NASA’s MAVEN Program, making it a cost-effective launch.
The Mars Orbiter Mission was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SDSC, Sriharikota on 05 November 2013 by PSLV-XL Rocket. After a 298-day transit to Mars, it was out into Mars orbit on 24 September 2014.
About PSLV-XL Rocket
Mass- 320,000 kg
Stages- 4 (Solid, Liquid, Solid, and Liquid)
Height- 44 m
Diameter- 2.8 m
Payload capacity- 1425 kg
First Flight- 22 October 2008
Successful launches- 52
TVC- Secondary Injection Thrust Vector Control (SITVC), Hot Gas Reaction Control Motor (HGRCM), Nozzle Flex, and Engine Gimbals
The Spacecraft was monitored by ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) and Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN), both based in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
The MARS Spacecraft carried:
(i). Lyman-Alpha Photometer (LAP)
(ii). Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM)
(iii). Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA)
(iv). Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS)
(v). Mars Colour Camera (MCC)
Team of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)
|K. Radhakrishnan||Chairman ISRO|
|Mylswamy Annadurai||Programme Director, Mars Orbiter Mission|
|S Ramakrishnan||Director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre VSSC|
|P. Kunhikrishnan||Project Director, PSLV programme|
|Moumita Dutta||Project manager, Mars Orbiter Mission|
|Nandini Harinath||Deputy Operations Director, Navigation|
|Ritu Karidhal||Deputy Operations Director, Navigation|
|BS Kiran||Associate Project Director, Flight Dynamics|
|V Kesava Raju||Director, Mars Orbiter Mission|
|V Koteswara Rao||ISRO scientific secretary|
|Chandradathan||Director, Liquid Propulsion System|
|A. S. Kiran Kumar||Director, Satellite Application Centre SAC|
|M. Y. S. Prasad||Director, Satish Dhawan Space Centre SDSC|
|S. K. Shivakumar||Director, ISRO U. R. Rao Satellite Centre|
|Subbiah Arunan||Project Director, Mars Orbiter Mission|
|B Jayakumar||Associate Project Director, PSLV programme|
|MS Pannirselvam||Chief General Manager, Sriharikota Rocket port|
Numerous other Scientists and Engineers of the Indian Space Research Organization ISRO have contributed to the success of the Mangalyaan Mission.
On October 2022, reported by ISRO that it lost communications after a seven-hour period in April 2022. The Mars mission ended citing the loss of fuel and battery power to the probe’s instructions.
It was a really successful mission for the ISRO. Many missions of ISRO are coming up as Chandrayan-3, One Web, Gaganayan and NAVIC Navigation. We congratulate ISRO for its achievements and wish ALL THE BEST for future missions.