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How Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?

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How Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?

In this blog, let’s discuss How the Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?

The Missile locks on the target through various methods.

  • Line of Sight Method
    In this type of guidance, there are its components.
    a. Radar Station
    b. Missile
    c. Target

The Radar station continuously tracks the target and emits a beam leading to the target.

Line of Sight Method
Line of Sight Method

If the missile maintains a decent relative velocity and enough it will make a hit.

  • Pursuit Guidance Method
    In this method, the missile continuously stays upon the target until it makes the hit. The Radar locates and tracks the missile launch. The real-time data is fed into the missile, and it makes pursuit towards the Missile until it makes a hit
Pursuit Guidance Method
Pursuit Guidance Method
  • Proportional Guidance Method
    In this method, the Radar locates and tracks the missile launch. The real-time data is fed into the missile. The missile constantly maintains the bearing angle and stays relative to the missile. As the bearing angle is nearing, the missile maintains constant velocity to smash into the Target.
Proportional Guidance Method
Proportional Guidance Method

In air-to-air Combat, the Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missiles lock on the Hostile aircraft by locking of electronic and heat signatures of the Hostile aircraft. The missiles follow either pursuit or the Proportional Guidance Method to hit the aircraft.

How to avoid the missile locking on
1. Low Radar Signature
It is also known as the RCS (Radar Cross Section). To avoid the missile locking on, the aircraft should have a low RCS. The Low RCS can be achieved by flat surfaces, sleek aerodynamic design surfaces potentially angled to reflect the signal somewhere other than towards the source. In low RCS, the objects reflect a limited amount of radar energy back to the source.

Low Radar Signature

2. Stealth technology
Aerodynamic design plays an important role. The stealth technology includes absorbent paints, which convert the radiated signal into heat signatures rather than reflecting it back. The materials such as non-metallic composites can also be used.

Stealth technology

What to do when the missile is locked on the aircraft

  1. Perform evasive maneuvers
  2. Use Electronic Counter Measures
  3. Deploy the Decoys
  4. Chaffs and Flares

Read more: Uttam AESA Radar – All You Need To Know

Read more: Important Missile Systems of India

BlogsHow Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?
BlogsHow Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?

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Amaranath Siddaraddi
Amaranath Siddaraddi
PG in Defence Technology, SSB Recommended (21 SSB), Military and Aviation Geek, Exploring the new sphere of Defence.

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