How Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?
In this blog, let’s discuss How the Missile hits the target? How to avoid missiles?
The Missile locks on the target through various methods.
- Line of Sight Method
In this type of guidance, there are its components.
a. Radar Station
The Radar station continuously tracks the target and emits a beam leading to the target.
If the missile maintains a decent relative velocity and enough it will make a hit.
- Pursuit Guidance Method
In this method, the missile continuously stays upon the target until it makes the hit. The Radar locates and tracks the missile launch. The real-time data is fed into the missile, and it makes pursuit towards the Missile until it makes a hit
- Proportional Guidance Method
In this method, the Radar locates and tracks the missile launch. The real-time data is fed into the missile. The missile constantly maintains the bearing angle and stays relative to the missile. As the bearing angle is nearing, the missile maintains constant velocity to smash into the Target.
In air-to-air Combat, the Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missiles lock on the Hostile aircraft by locking of electronic and heat signatures of the Hostile aircraft. The missiles follow either pursuit or the Proportional Guidance Method to hit the aircraft.
How to avoid the missile locking on
1. Low Radar Signature
It is also known as the RCS (Radar Cross Section). To avoid the missile locking on, the aircraft should have a low RCS. The Low RCS can be achieved by flat surfaces, sleek aerodynamic design surfaces potentially angled to reflect the signal somewhere other than towards the source. In low RCS, the objects reflect a limited amount of radar energy back to the source.
2. Stealth technology
Aerodynamic design plays an important role. The stealth technology includes absorbent paints, which convert the radiated signal into heat signatures rather than reflecting it back. The materials such as non-metallic composites can also be used.
What to do when the missile is locked on the aircraft
- Perform evasive maneuvers
- Use Electronic Counter Measures
- Deploy the Decoys
- Chaffs and Flares
Read more: Uttam AESA Radar – All You Need To Know
Read more: Important Missile Systems of India