The facts about the Geneva Conventions every aspirant should know
Hello folks, as we all know that these days there is a tension between India and Pakistan.
This tension came as a result of the Pulwama attacks and its aftermath of Air Strikes by the Indian Air Force.
On 27th February, the Air Force also destroyed an F-16 of the Pakistani Air Force.
Initially, the Pakistani Army claimed that they have also shot down a Mig-21 Bison and captured its pilot.
Later on, it was confirmed by both the sides that Wing Commander Abhinandan of the Indian Air Force was under pakistans custody.
Now most of us have been left with the thought that what next, so my friends our pride Wing Commander will be going to return India soon.
In this blog, we are going to throw some light on the Geneva Conventions.
- The Geneva Conventions came in the year 1949.
- These are a series of treaties of civilians, prisoners of war (POWs) and soldiers who are otherwise incapable of fighting.
- This treaty designed to protect wounded and sick soldiers during wartime.
- There are four treaties under the Geneva Conventions that are given as follows:
- First Geneva Convention: For the amelioration of the condition of the wounded and sick in Armed Forces in the field.
- Second Geneva Convention: For the amelioration of the condition of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of Armed Forces at sea.
- Third Geneva Convention: Relative to the treatment of prisoners of war.
- Fourth Geneva Convention: Relative to the protection of civilians persons in the time of war.
The Geneva Convention applies at the time of war and conflict to the government who have ratified its terms,
The details of the applicability are spelled out in Common Article 2 and 3.
Common Article 2 states that Geneva Conventions apply to all cases of international conflict, where at least one warring nations have ratified the Conventions.
Common Article 3 states the certain minimum rules of war apply to armed conflicts, where at least one party is not a state.
When Geneva Conventions apply, governments have surrendered some of their national sovereignty by signing these treaties.
How many countries follow the Geneva Convention?
The four 1949 Conventions have been ratified by 196 states, including all UN member states, both UN observers the Holy See and the State of Palestine, as well as the Cook Islands.
How this treaty will help Wing Commander Abhinandan?
Now coming back to the main issue that is how this treaty will help Wing Commander Abhinandan.
Well yes, this treaty will ensure that he will be treated in a soldierly manner across the border and ensure his safe return to our country.
And yes if Pakistan will not follow the Geneva Convention, it will likely forge into a war with India.
Pakistan on 28th February reported that they will be sending back Wing commander of Indian airforce on 1st March.