Important Questions On Polity For CDS And NDA Exam

nda cds important questions

Important Questions On Polity For CDS And NDA Exam. Candidates preparing for CDS and NDA exam must go through these 65 most important questions curated specially for them. CDS 1 2020 will be conducted on 2nd February 2020. On the other hand submission of online applications for the NDA exam is open and the exam will be conducted on 19 April 2020. Go through these questions and boost your preparation.

1. Which of the following is the correct combination of justice sought to be secured to the citizens of India in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?

  1. social, religious and political
  2. economic, religious and political
  3. social, educational and economic
  4. social, economic and political

2. Which of the following dates is mentioned in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?

  1. 26 November 1949
  2. 25 January 1950
  3. 15 August 1947
  4. 26 January 1950

3. The Preamble is useful in constitutional interpretation because it

  1. uses value-loaded words
  2. contains the real objective and philosophy of the Constitution makers
  3. is a source of power and limitation
  4. gives an exhaustive list of basic features of the constitution

4. Before the Constitution (Forty-second) Amendment Act, 1976 the Preamble resolved India to be

  1. Secular Democratic Republic
  2. Sovereign Democratic Republic
  3. Secular Socialist Democratic Republic
  4. Socialist Democratic Republic

5. Which of the following liberites is sought to be secured to the citizens of India in the Preamble?

  1. thought, expression, belief, faith and worship
  2. thought, expression, belief and faith
  3. expression, belief, faith and worship
  4. thought, expression, faith and worship

6. Who among the following had moved the objectives resolution which formed the basis of the Preamble of the Constitution of India in the Constituent Assembly on December 13, 1946?

  1. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
  2. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
  4. Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

7. By which amendment of the Constitution were the words ‘Socialist and Secular’ added to its Preamble?

  1. 42nd
  2. 43rd
  3. 44th
  4. 45th

8. Article 2A was introduced in the Constitution on the inclusion of which of the following territories in India?

  1. Jammu and Kashmir
  2. Goa
  3. Sikkim
  4. Puducherry

9. Which of the following is not a Fundamental Right?

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Right to property
  3. Right to freedom
  4. Right to constitutional Remedies

10. The Fundamental Rights in our constitution are inspired by the constitution of

  1. United states of America
  2. United Kingdom
  3. Switzerland
  4. Canada

11. Right to property was removed from the list of fundamental rights during the reign of

  1. Mrs Indira Gandhi
  2. Morarjee Desai
  3. Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  4. P.V. Narsimha Rao

12. Which article of the constitution of India abolishes untouchability and forbids its practice in any form?

  1. Article 16
  2. Article 17
  3. Article 18
  4. Article 15

13. Which one among the following has the power to regulate the right of citizenship in India?

  1. The Union Cabinet
  2. The Parliament
  3. The Supreme Court
  4. The Law Commission

14. Articles 17 and 18 of Constitution provide

  1. Social equality
  2. Economic equality
  3. Political equality
  4. Religious equality

15. The Constitution of India describes India as

  1. A Union of states
  2. Quasi-federal
  3. A Federation of states and Union Territories
  4. A Unitary State

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16. Which one among the following is not guaranteed by the Constitution of India?

  1. Freedom to move freely throughout the country
  2. Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms
  3. Freedom to own, acquire and dispose of property anywhere in the country
  4. Freedom to practice any trade or profession

17. Which of these is NOT included as a Fundamental Right in the Indian Constitution?

  1. Right to Freedom of Speech
  2. Right to Equality before the Law
  3. Right to Constitutional Remedies
  4. Right to Equal Wages for Equal Work

18. Which one of the following rights conferred by the Constitution of India is also available to non-citizens?

  1. Freedom of speech, assembly and form association
  2. Freedom to move, reside and settle in any part of the territory of India
  3. Freedom to acquire property or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
  4. Right to constitutional remedies

19. Which of the following freedoms is not specifically mentioned in the Constitution of India as a fundamental right but has been subsequently upheld by the Supreme Court as such?

  1. Freedom of trade, occupation and business
  2. Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the country
  3. Freedom of association and union
  4. Freedom of the press

20. Which one among the following is not included in the Fundamental Rights embodied in the Constitution of India?

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right against Exploitation
  4. Right to Information

21. The ‘Instrument of Instructions’ contained in the Government of India Act, 1935 has been incorporated in the Constitution of India in the year 1950 as

  1. Fundamental Rights
  2. Directive principles of State Policy
  3. Extent of Executive Power of State
  4. Conduct of Business of the Government of India

22. Which one among the following is a fundamental duty of citizens under the Constitution of India?

  1. To provide friendly cooperation to the people of the neighbouring countries
  2. To protect monuments of national importance
  3. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so
  4. To know more and more about the history of India.

23. Suppose a legislation was passed by the Parliament imposing certain restrictions on newspapers. These included page ceiling, price and advertisements. The legislation is included in the Ninth Schedule to the Constitution of India. In this context, which one among the following statements is correct?

  1. The legislation is invalid as it violates the freedom of Press
  2. The legislation is valid by virtue of Article 31B
  3. The legislation is invalid as it imposes unreasonable restrictions under Article 19(2) of the Constitution
  4. The legislation is valid as the Press is not a citizen under Article 19 of the Constitution

24. Which one of the following is a Human Right as well as a Fundamental Right under the Constitution of India?

  1. Right to information
  2. Right to education
  3. Right to work
  4. Right to housing

25. In which of the following years the Fundamental Duties were included in the Constitution of India?

  1. 1965
  2. 1976
  3. 1979
  4. 1982

26. Which article of the Indian constitution includes the Fundamental Duties of the Indian citizens?

  1. Article 50A
  2. Article 50B
  3. Article 51A
  4. Article 51B

27. Which of the following articles was decribed as the Heart and Soul of Indian Constitution by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?

  1. Article 32
  2. Article 17
  3. Article 19
  4. Article 21

28. Which of the following articles was inserted by the Constitution (Eighty-Sixth) Amendment Act, 2002 to to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right?

  1. Article 17A
  2. Article 19B
  3. Article 21A
  4. Article 31A

29. Which of the following is incorrect with regard to protection in respect of conviction for offences offered by Article 20?

  1. A person can be only convicted for violation of a law in force at the time of commission of an act.
  2. A person can be prosecuted and punished only once for a particular offence
  3. A person can be compelled to be a witness against himself
  4. A person cannot be subjected to a higher penalty than which was applicable at the time of the offence.

30. Which of the following has been prescribed as a Fundamental Duty to a parent or a guardian under Article 51A of the Indian Consitution?

  1. to look after his parents above 60 years of age.
  2. to provide opportunities for education of his child between the age of six and fourteen years of age
  3. to divide his property equally between his son and daughters
  4. to encourage his children to take part in the defence of his country

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31. Directive Principles of State policy have been enumerated in the Part IV of the constitution. The concept has been borrowed from :

  1. S. A.
  2. England
  3. Ireland
  4. France

32. Who of the following do not participate in the election of the President of India?

  1. Members of Rajya Sabha
  2. Members of Legislative Assemblies of the States
  3. Members of Legislative Councils of the States
  4. Members of Legislative Assembly of Delhi

33. Under the Constitution of India the President of India enjoys emergency powers of

  1. four types
  2. two types
  3. five types
  4. three types

34. A resolution to impeach the President must be passed by a majority of not less than

  1. one-half of the total membership of the house
  2. two-third of the total membership of the house
  3. two-third of those present in the house
  4. one-half of those present in the house

35. When the offices of both the President and the Vice-President are vacant, who performs their function?

  1. Prime Minister
  2. Home Minister
  3. Chief Justice of India
  4. Lok Sabha Speaker

36. Which of the following is incorrect about a person’s eligibility to become the Vice-President of India?

  1. He should be a citizen of India
  2. He should not be less than thirty five years of age
  3. He is qualified for election as a member of the House of the People
  4. He should not hold any office of profit under Central/State Govt or any authority under the control of Central/State Govt

37. Who administers the oath of office to the person who is to take over as President?

  1. The Chief Election Commissioner
  2. The Chief Justice of India
  3. The Outgoing President
  4. The Vice-President

38. Who decides on doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with the election of President or Vice-President?

  1. The Parliament
  2. Chief Election Commissioner
  3. Supreme Court
  4. Vice-President or President

39. When a constitutional amendment bill goes to the President, he

  1. can withhold his assent
  2. can return it to the Parliament for reconsideration
  3. can delay it for not more than six months
  4. is bound to give his assent

40. Who of the following does not submit his resignation to the President of India?

  1. Governor of a State
  2. Judge of the Supreme Court
  3. Judge of the High Court
  4. Speaker of the Lok Sabha

41. All of the following statements in regard to the office of the Vice-President of India are correct, except

  1. A person seeking election to this office must be at least 35 years of age
  2. The electoral college for election to this office consists of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and the person so elected holds office for a term of six years
  3. In the event of death of the President, he can hold that office for a period not exceeding six months
  4. The incumbent of this office is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha

42. How many members can the President nominate to the Parliament of India?

  1. 2 to the Lok Sabha and 12 to the Rajya Sabha
  2. None to the Lok Sabha and 12 to the Rajya Sabha
  3. 12 to the Lok Sabha and 12 to the Rajya Sabha
  4. 4 to the Lok Sabha and 8 to the Rajya Sabha

43. The President should

  1. Be a member of either House of Parliament
  2. Not be a member of either House of Parliament
  3. Be elected to the Parliament within six months of his election
  4. The Constitution is silent on the issue of his being member of any House of the Parliament

44. Which of the following regarding the power of the President to promulgate an ordinance is incorrect?

  1. It can be promulgated only when the Parliament is not in session
  2. It may be withdrawn at any time by the President
  3. The ordinance may make any provision which the Parliament is not competent to enact
  4. None of the above

45. The President of India can be removed from office by :

  1. The Lok Sabha by passing a resolution
  2. The Parliament through impeachment
  3. The Chief Justice of India
  4. The Prime Minister

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46. Under which article of the Constitution of India can the President take over the administration of a State in case its constitutional machinery breaks down?

  1. Article 83 (2)
  2. Article 352
  3. Article 356
  4. Article 343

47. The procedure of impeachment of the President as laid down in the Indian Constitution has been borrowed from :

  1. U. S. A
  2. U. K.
  3. France
  4. Japan

48. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the

  1. The President
  2. House of the People
  3. Council of States
  4. The Prime Minister

49. The total number of ministers including the Prime Minister in the Council of Ministers cannot exceed

  1. Fifteen percent of the total members of the House of People
  2. Fifteen percent of the total members of the Parliament
  3. Twenty percent of the total members of the Council of States
  4. Ten percent of the total members of the Parliament

50. What is the composition of the Indian Parliament?

  1. Council of States and the House of the People
  2. The Prime Minister, Council of States and the House of the People
  3. Council of Ministers and the House of the People
  4. The President, Council of States and the House of the People

51. The Union Executive of India consists of

  1. The President, Vice-President, Lok Sabha Speaker and the Council of Ministers
  2. The President, Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha Speaker and the Prime Minister
  3. The President and the Council of Ministers only
  4. The President, Vice-President and the Council of Ministers only

52. Among the following whose term of office is the longest?

  1. President
  2. Vice-President
  3. Member of the Rajya Sabha
  4. Member of the Lok Sabha

53. Being a non-member, who among the following can participate in the proceedings of either House of the Parliament without having right to vote?

  1. Chief Justice of India
  2. President of India
  3. Comptroller and Auditor-General
  4. Attorney General

54. Who presides over the Lok Sabha when the offices of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker are vacant?

  1. Any member of the House as the President may appoint.
  2. Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
  3. Any member of the House as may be determined by the House
  4. Attorney General of India

55. In a particular case, the advice tendered by the Council of Ministers is sent back by the President for reconsideration. If the Council of Ministers adhere to their earlier advice, the President

  1. Can ask for reconsideration of the advice once more
  2. Can ask for reconsideration of the advice any number of times
  3. Has no option but to accept such advice
  4. Must seek the advice of the Supreme Court before rejecting the advice

56. Which of the following Constitution Amendment Acts seeks that the size of the Councils of Ministers at the Centre and in a State must not exceed 15 percent of the total number of members in the Lok Sabha and the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly of that State, respectively?

  1. 91st
  2. 93rd
  3. 95th
  4. 97th

57. What is the quorum to constitute a meeting of either House of the Parliament?

  1. One-fifth of the total number of members of the House.
  2. One-tenth of the total number of the members of the House.
  3. One-half of the total number of the members of the House.
  4. Two-thirds of the total number of the members of the House.

58. What would happen if a person gets elected both as a Member of Parliament and Member of the Legislative Assembly of a State but does not resign from either seat within the prescribed period?

  1. The person’s seat in the Legislative Assembly becomes vacant
  2. The person’s seat in the Parliament becomes vacant
  3. Both of his/her seats become vacant
  4. He can continue as the member of both the houses

59. The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is elected by the

  1. President
  2. Prime Minister
  3. Members of both Houses of Parliament
  4. Members of Lok Sabha

60. The maximum interval between two Sessions of Parliament can be six months calculated between

  1. First sitting of two consecutive sessions
  2. Last sitting of one session to the first sitting of the next session
  3. Six calendar months excluding the months in which the sessions are held
  4. Last sitting of one session to the last sitting of the next session

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61. The minimum age for the member of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha respectively is

  1. 25 years and 30 years
  2. 30 years and 35 years
  3. 30 years and 25 years
  4. 35 years and 30 years

62. Reshuffling of Cabinet is the prerogative of :

  1. The Speaker
  2. The President
  3. The Prime minister
  4. None of these

63. Who directs, controls and supervises the Lok Sabha Secretariat?

  1. Prime Minister
  2. Speaker
  3. President
  4. Chief Secretary

64. Who elects the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?

  1. Lok Sabha
  2. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  3. Rajya Sabha
  4. Nominated by the Vice President

65. The Rajya Sabha which is the upper house of the Indian Parliament :

  1. is a permanent body
  2. has a life of six years
  3. has a life of five years
  4. has a life of four years

Answers:

1. d  2.a  3.b  4.b  5.a  6.d  7.a  8.c  9.b  10.a

11.b  12.b  13.b  14.a  15.a  16.c  17.d  18.d  19.d  20.d

21.b  22.c  23.c  24.b  25.b  26.c  27.a  28.c  29.c  30.c

31.c  32.c  33.d  34.b  35.c  36.c  37.b  38.c  39.d  40.d

41.b  42.a  43.b  44.c  45.b  46.c  47.a  48.b  49.a  50.d

51.d  52.c  53.d  54.a  55.c  56.a  57.b  58.b  59.d  60.b

61.c  62.c  63.b  64.c  65.a


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