Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs)
Defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) comes under the Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence, India.
The Dept. of Defence Production (DDP) was set up in Nov 1962. It is headed by a Secretary. Dr Ajay Kumar is the current Secretary of DDP.
DDP is responsible for defence production, indigenisation of imported stores, equipment and spares, planning and control of departmental production units of OFB and DPSUs.
For clarification, the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) is a Govt. Organisation. It is one of the ATTACHED OFFICES functioning under DDP, MOD and is not a DPSU.
Lets know about our DPSUs.
1.Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a Navratna Company, is the largest DPSU under the DDP. The Company which had its origin as the Hindustan Aircraft Limited was incorporated on 23 Dec, 1940 at Bangalore by Shri Walchand Hirachand. It was named as "Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)" after its amalgamation with Aeronautics India Limited (AIL) in1964. HAL has 20 Production Divisions, 11 R&D Centres and one Facility Management Division spread across the Country. It has so far produced 15 types of aircraft from in-house R&D and 14 types under license. Major aircraft/helicopters in the current production range are SU-30MKI Multi-role Fighter, Hawk – Advanced Jet Trainer, Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), Dornier-228 Light Transport Aircraft, Dhruv- Advanced Light Helicopter, Light Combat Helicopter, Light Utility Helicopter and Cheetah- helicopters.
2.Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
BEL, a Navratna Company, established in 1954 under MoD has nine Units across India. BEL has core competencies in Defence sector in areas of Radars & Weapon Systems, Sonars, Communication, EWS, Electro-Optics and Tank Electronics. In Non-Defence sector, BEL's product range includes EVMs, Tablet PCs, ICs, Hybrid Microcircuits, Semiconductor devices, solar cells etc.
3.Bharat Dynamics Limited ( BDL)
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), a Mini Ratna Category-I Company was incorporated in the year 1970 under the MoD. A pioneer in the manufacture of Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) in the country, BDL is now involved in manufacturing ATGMs of new generation, Surface-to-air weapon systems, strategic weapons, launchers, underwater weapons, decoys and test equipment. BDL is fully geared up to meet the demands of the Armed Forces by capacity augmentation of all Major projects including ATGMs and SAMs
4.Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML)
BEML, established in 1964, is a Mini-Ratna (Category-1) Public Sector Undertaking. The Company has nine manufacturing units located at Bengaluru, Kolar Gold Fields (KGF), Mysuru and Palakkad and subsidiary steel Foundry – Vignyan Industries Ltd, in Tarikere, Chikmagalur District and engaged in design, development, manufacturing, sales and after-sales activities of a wide range of areas of Mining & Construction, Defence and Rail & Metro products. The Company's International Business covers over 58 countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
5.Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI)
MIDHANI, a Mini-Ratna company, was established in 1973 to achieve self reliance in the Manufacture of a wide spectrum of critical and complex alloys like superalloys, titanium alloys, special steels & stainless steels, soft magnetic alloys etc in variety of mill forms using state-of-art production facilities. MIDHANI caters to the needs of Defence, space, aeronautics, nuclear power, electronics, telecommunications and many other strategic sectors of the country. MIDHANI has developed, manufactured and supplied more than 105 grades of high performance alloys in different shapes, sizes, forms towards programmes of national importance in the Defence, Space and Atomic Energy sectors.
6.Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL)
Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) is the leading Shipyard amongst all DPSU Shipyards engaged in construction of Warships and Submarines. The History of Mazagon Dock dates back to 1774. It was incorporated as a Private Limited Company in 1934. The govt took over MDL in 1960. MDL is presently constructing Missile Destroyers, Stealth Frigates and Scorpene Submarines in order to achieve self-reliance in warship production for the Indian Navy.
7.Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE)
Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE), a Mini-Ratna Category-I Company is a profit making & dividend paying DPSU for the last 22 years. In 1934, GRSE was incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913, and was later acquired by the Government of India from Macneill & Barry Limited on May 19, 1960. Shortly after becoming a CPSE in 1960, GRSE built India’s first indigenous warship–the INS Ajay, in the year 1961. It has kept pace with India's expanding maritime interests and is established as a leading Shipbuilding yard.
Presently, 14 warships are under construction in GRSE which include two Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvettes (ASWC), eight Landing Craft Utility (LCU) ships and four Water Jet Fast Attack Crafts (WJFAC). The Second ASW Stealth Corvette (INS Kadmatt) was delivered on 26 Nov 2015. GRSE also completed the Hull and 'Launched' five Warships during the current year.
8.Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL)
Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL), a Mini-Ratna Group-I status company, is capable of indigenously designing and building sophisticated high technology ships for Indian Defence Forces and other varied clients including export markets. In 1961, after Goa’s liberation, the potential of a small shipyard called “Estaleiros Navais de Goa” to contribute towards this national aspiration was recognized. The Yard later renamed Goa Shipyard Limited. GSL is presently executing export orders worth Rs. 1050 Cr. New business development areas identified under diversification include construction of Hovercrafts for Indian Coast Guard.
9.Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL)
HSL is the largest and strategically located shipyard. It is the first green-field shipyard in the year 1941 in the name Scindia Steam Navigation Co. Ltd by the great industrialist and visionary Seth WalchandHirachand which is today known as the Hindustan Shipyard Ltd. The yard has built 174 vessels and repaired about 1940 vessels for Defence and Maritime Sector.