Gallantry awards of Indian Armed forces
Hello aspirants, In this post I will tell you all about the awards and decorations of the Indian Armed forces. This post will give a detailed overview of the topic. The article will help you in your preparation and understanding the award system better.
The gallantry award has two subcategories i.e.
Wartime gallantry award
Peacetime gallantry award
Let's understand the wartime gallantry awards first
PARAM VIR CHAKRA (PVC)
- The Param Vir Chakra(PVC) is India's highest military decoration awarded for displaying extraordinary acts of bravery during wartime. Inducted on 26th Jan 1950 in armed forces
- The PVC is equivalent to the Medal of Honor in the United States and the Victoria Cross in the United Kingdom.
- The medal of the PVC designed by Savitri Khanolkar, whose daughter's brother-in-law, Major Somnath Sharma, coincidentally awarded the first PVC.
- As of now the medal has been awarded 21 times, twenty recipients are from the Indian Army, and one is from the Indian Air Force.
MAHA VIR CHAKRA (MVC)
- The Maha Vir Chakra(MVC) is the second highest military decoration in India established on 26th Jan 1950.
- Awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
- More than 218 acts of bravery and selfless witnessed since the inception of the medal.
- The most MVCs awarded in a single conflict was in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 while eleven received by the Indian Air Force.
VIR CHAKRA (VC)
- Vir Chakra is an Indian gallantry award presented for acts of bravery on the battlefield inducted on 26th Jan 1950.
- It replaced the British Distinguished Service Cross (DSC), Military Cross (MC) and Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC).
- The recipient uses “ Vr.C.” as a post-nominal abbreviation.
- There are around 1325 recipient of Vir Chakra.
Now let's dicuss the Peacetime gallantry award
ASHOK CHAKRA (AC)
- The Ashok Chakra is India's highest peacetime military decoration awarded for bravery, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. The medal, established on 4 January 1952
- It is the peacetime equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra and awarded for the "most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent valor or self-sacrifice" other than in the face of the enemy.
- The decoration may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel. Ashok Chakra is equivalent to US Army's peacetime Medal of Honor and the British George Cross.
- Flt Lt. Suhas Biswas was the first Indian Air Force officer to be awarded the Ashoka Chakra.
KIRTI CHAKRA (KC)
- The Kirti Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for bravery, courageous action or self-sacrifice displayed away from the field of battle.
- Before 1967, was known as the Ashoka Chakra, Class II.
- Awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, including posthumous awards.
- The peacetime equivalent of the Maha Vir Chakra. It is second in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards.
SHAURYA CHAKRA (SC)
- The Shaurya Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valor, courageous action or self-sacrifice while not engaged in direct engagement with the enemy.
- Known as the Ashoka Chakra, Class III, before 1967.
- It may be awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, sometimes posthumously.
- It is awarded for Counter-Insurgency operations and actions against the enemy during peace-time.
This post will surely clear all your doubts regarding the gallantry awards of Indian armed forces.