Gallantry awards of Indian Armed forces
Hello aspirants, In this post I will tell you all about the awards and decorations of the Indian Armed forces. This post will give a detailed overview of the topic. The article will help you in your preparation and understanding the award system better.
The gallantry award has two subcategories i.e.
- Wartime gallantry award
- Peacetime gallantry award
Let's understand the wartime gallantry awards first
- PARAM VIR CHAKRA (PVC)
- The Param Vir Chakra(PVC) is India's highest military decoration awarded for displaying extraordinary acts of bravery during wartime. Inducted on 26th Jan 1950 in armed forces
- The PVC is equivalent to the Medal of Honor in the United States and the Victoria Cross in the United Kingdom.
- The medal of the PVC designed by Savitri Khanolkar, whose daughter's brother-in-law, Major Somnath Sharma, coincidentally awarded the first PVC.
- As of now the medal has been awarded 21 times, twenty recipients are from the Indian Army, and one is from the Indian Air Force.
- MAHA VIR CHAKRA (MVC)
- The Maha Vir Chakra(MVC) is the second highest military decoration in India established on 26th Jan 1950.
- Awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.
- More than 218 acts of bravery and selfless witnessed since the inception of the medal.
- The most MVCs awarded in a single conflict was in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 while eleven received by the Indian Air Force.
- VIR CHAKRA (VC)
- Vir Chakra is an Indian gallantry award presented for acts of bravery on the battlefield inducted on 26th Jan 1950.
- It replaced the British Distinguished Service Cross (DSC), Military Cross (MC) and Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC).
- The recipient uses “ Vr.C.” as a post-nominal abbreviation.
- There are around 1325 recipient of Vir Chakra.
Now let's dicuss the Peacetime gallantry award
- ASHOK CHAKRA (AC)
- The Ashok Chakra is India's highest peacetime military decoration awarded for bravery, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield. The medal, established on 4 January 1952
- It is the peacetime equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra and awarded for the "most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent valor or self-sacrifice" other than in the face of the enemy.
- The decoration may be awarded either to military or civilian personnel. Ashok Chakra is equivalent to US Army's peacetime Medal of Honor and the British George Cross.
- Flt Lt. Suhas Biswas was the first Indian Air Force officer to be awarded the Ashoka Chakra.
- KIRTI CHAKRA (KC)
- The Kirti Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for bravery, courageous action or self-sacrifice displayed away from the field of battle.
- Before 1967, was known as the Ashoka Chakra, Class II.
- Awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, including posthumous awards.
- The peacetime equivalent of the Maha Vir Chakra. It is second in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards.
- SHAURYA CHAKRA (SC)
- The Shaurya Chakra is an Indian military decoration awarded for valor, courageous action or self-sacrifice while not engaged in direct engagement with the enemy.
- Known as the Ashoka Chakra, Class III, before 1967.
- It may be awarded to civilians as well as military personnel, sometimes posthumously.
- It is awarded for Counter-Insurgency operations and actions against the enemy during peace-time.
This post will surely clear all your doubts regarding the gallantry awards of Indian armed forces.