Sea Vigil- Largest Coastal Defence Exercise Ever
We all know about the infamous attack on Mumbai (26/11) ten years before. All the terrorist entered India through our coastline of Mumbai. This exercise was conducted to safeguard our coastal line from any such activities in future. So, this post is crucial for all the defence aspirants as this topic might be put up in GD or interview.
What is the Motive of Sea Vigil?
- Sea Vigil aimed to establish shortfalls, working out new ways to optimise resources, recommend solutions to higher authorities and refine Standard Operating Procedures.
- With active support from all stakeholders, such exercises further strengthen the overall security architecture and enhance confidence to thwart any misadventure by anti-national elements.
Who all took part in the exercise?
- India on Tuesday (22 Jan 19) launched its largest-ever coastal defence exercise “Sea Vigil”, with all maritime stakeholders led by the Navy swinging.
- The exercise covered country’s entire 7,517-km coastline including island territories and the two million sq km Exclusive Economic Zone.
- The involvement of all the ministers and authorities along the coastline there, Fishing and coastal communities were there.
- Sea Vigil was conducted not only for strengthening the security along the coastline, but it will also provide a realistic assessment of the country's military strengths and weaknesses.
- It will test the entire coastal security mechanism of the whole country in one go as it is being conducted on such a large scale.
How was the exercise conducted?
- This exercise will undoubtedly help further strengthen our overall national security.
- The training was a 36-hour long exercise which included guarding the coastline against any boat trying to enter into India territory.
- Deployment of 139 ships and 35 aircraft, including Dorniers, helicopters and drones took place.
- Demo attacks were carried out (infiltration, hijacking) and the agencies were successfully able to detect the threat and destroy it.
- 26/11 Mumbai attack was the consequence of lack of connectivity between intelligence agencies and security agencies. Therefore, this exercise will also focus on boosting connectivity among the agencies.
How will it help in boosting security?
- Improving connectivity will be by putting up radars in two phases-
- Phase-I of the Coastal Surveillance Network (CSN) will have 36 radar stations with static detectors and electro-optic sensors in Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar island.
- Phase-II involves setting up 38 more radar stations with static radars and electro-optic sensors, four mobile surveillance stations sites in the Gulfs of Kutch and Khambat.
- Additional measures were taken by setting up Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) at Gurgaon, New Delhi.
- This Centre will take information and inputs from multiple sources from coastal radars and satellites.
- The data will be correlated and deeply analysed to detect any threat along the Indian Ocean Region.